- (fl. 8th cent.)Babylonian gaon. He was born in Pumbedita. He succeeded Solomon bar Hasdai as head of the Sura academy in 757 and served until 761. He entered into relations with Jewish communities in North Africa, and attempted to enforce Babylonian usages in Palestine. His code of the law, Halakhot Pesukot, was written down for him by his pupils, since he was blind.
Dictionary of Jewish Biography. Dan Cohn-Sherbok.
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YEHUDAI BEN NAḤMAN — (Yehudai Gaon) head of the academy of Sura c. 757–61. Yehudai was one of the scholars of Pumbedita, but the Exilarch Solomon b. Ḥasdai transferred him to Sura, because there was no scholar in Sura who was his peer in knowledge (Iggeret Sherira Ga … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Yehudai Gaon — Yehudai ben Nahman or Yehudai Gaon (Hebrew: יהודאי גאון) was the head of the yeshiva in Sura from 757 to 761, during the Gaonic period of Judaism. He was author of the book Halachot Pesukot , which discusses those halachot that were practiced in… … Wikipedia
HALAKHOT GEDOLOT — (Heb. הֲלָכוֹת גְּדוֹלוֹת), halakhic code belonging to the geonic period. Nature of the Code The Halakhot Gedolot gives a systematic and comprehensive summary of all the talmudic laws. Although in general it follows the order of the tractates of… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
HALAKHOT PESUKOT — (Heb. הֲלָכוֹת פְּסוּקוֹת; Decided Laws ), the first known halakhic work of the geonim, written in the eighth century and attributed to yehudai Gaon or to his pupils. It confines itself to those halakhot which are of practical application,… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Simeon Kayyara — (Hebrew: ????? ?????) was a Jewish Babylonian halakist of the first half of the 9th century. The early identification of his surname with ?ahirah, the Arabic name of Cairo (founded 980), was shown by J.L. Rapoport ( Teshubot ha Ge onim, ed.… … Wikipedia
Achai Gaon — For the Savora sage, see Ahai. Rabbinical Eras Chazal Zugot Tannaim Amoraim Savoraim Geonim Rishonim Acharonim Achai Gaon (also known as Ahai of Sabha or Aha of Sabha, Hebrew: רב אחא [אחאי] משַבָּחָא) was a leading scholar in the period of the… … Wikipedia
GAON — (pl. Geonim), formal title of the heads of the academies of Sura and Pumbedita in Babylonia. The geonim were recognized by the Jews as the highest authority of instruction from the end of the sixth century or somewhat later to the middle of the… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
GEONIC LITERATURE — This entry includes the basic books of geonic literature, which were compiled during the geonic period – from the year 600 to 1040, approximately. Geonic literature includes several types of works: 1. Commentaries on the Bible 2. Commentaries on… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Dodai ben Nahman — (Hebrew : דודאי בן נחמן or Rav Dorai, Hebrew: רב דוראי) was a Babylonian Jewish scholar of the eighth century CE and gaon of the Talmudic academy at Pumbedita (761 764). Little is known of his life. He was a brother of the famous Judah ben… … Wikipedia
Natronai ben Hilai — Not to be confused with Natronai ben Nehemiah. Rabbinical Eras Chazal Zugot Tannaim Amoraim Savoraim Geonim Rishonim Acharonim Natronai ben Hilai (Hebrew: נטרונאי בן הלאי or Natronai Gaon, Hebrew: נטרונאי גאון; Full name: Natronai ben R. Hilai… … Wikipedia